Basij Commander: US Untrustworthiness Proved by Washington Officials’ Post-Lausanne Remarks
Commander of Iran’s Basij (volunteer) Force Brigadier General Mohammad Reza Naqdi said the untruthfulness of Washington officials in their remarks about the Lausanne Statement issued jointly by Iran and the six world powers displayed that the US is an untrustworthy partner to any deal.
“The comments made after the Lausanne negotiations once again showed the United States’ strong grudge against the Iranians and proved that the US officials are liars and untrustworthy,” Naqdi said, addressing Basij personnel in Tehran on Monday.
“After 9 days of breathtaking nuclear negotiations in Lausanne, the US president and other officials now deny the principal agreements and present opposing interpretations,” the influential commander said, and continued, “They cite Iran’s undertakings, but fabricate and deny the commitments that they have made to the Iranian delegation.”
He said the Americans defy their agreements and do not comply with their undertakings due to their wrong impression of the effects and efficiency power of the sanctions.
“The Americans do not want to lose their main pressure leverage, and they are in a rush to strike a deal because inefficiency of the sanctions is growing increasingly evident, and in the near future no one would comply with them,” the Basij commander concluded.
After nine days of hard work in Lausanne, Switzerland, Iran and the G5+1 reached an understanding on Thursday which laid the ground for them to start drafting the final nuclear deal over Tehran’s nuclear energy program ahead of a July 1 deadline.
In relevant remarks on Sunday, a senior Iranian legislator said that a majority of the country’s parliamentarians are skeptical that the western countries would remain loyal to their undertakings under a final agreement between Tehran and the six world powers.
“We should be concerned about the attitude of the westerners because the wall of mistrust has grown so tall inside Iran; we remember the Sa’adabad agreement, the modal plan (of action between Iran and the IAEA) and the like that all show the other side has not fulfilled its commitments,” Kazzem Jalali, also Head of the Iranian Parliament’s Research Center, told reporters in Tehran.
He pointed to the Swiss statement issued by Iran and the Group 5+1 (the US, Russia, China, France and Britain plus Germany) in Lausanne, and said, “We should pay due attention to the fact that the document should not be valued as to be anything more than a statement.”
Jalali noted that the Iranian lawmakers had confidence in the country’s negotiating team, and said, “We should not pay heed to the Western propaganda … ; rather we should only show care for the written text” that was jointly released by Iran and the G5+1 in Lausanne.
After reading a joint statement issued by Iran and the six world powers to a joint press conference with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif warned that Tehran will reciprocate any violation of the final nuclear deal by the six world powers with similar action.
Speaking to reporters subsequent to a joint press conference with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini in Lausanne on Thursday, Zarif said the agreements and the shared understanding developed in the last eight days of talks will be the basis for working out a final nuclear deal after the inclusion of details and mechanisms for implementing them.
Zarif reiterated that a final deal should be worked out in the next three months.
He said Iran is committed to the documents that it signs and expects the six world powers to do the same.
Zarif said work will continue by the seven nations “to proceed based on their present shared understanding”, adding that the seven nations should look ahead with optimism “and if any problem arises, we should sit and talk based on mutual respect, and then move ahead”.
Asked about Iran’s possible reaction if the opposite side defies its undertakings under the pretext of having a different interpretation of the solutions gained, he said that the seven nations party to the nuclear talks might present today’s agreement in different ways as they see fit.
“What was agreed as different solutions to achieve a comprehensive joint plan of action is based on a win-win approach that will end the sanctions against Iran.”
“Iran’s nuclear program will continue, but we will adopt measures to build confidence at international level,” he added.
He said Iran will inspect the opposite sides’ actions and attitude precisely to verify their compliance with the terms of the final deal, once the document is drafted and put into effect.
“There will be a text on which we will agree and move ahead step by step and all the mechanisms should go into effect article by article. We will be ready to remove any pretext or excuse that could be sought by the western side through logic and reasoning.”
“But if lack of action is witnessed, reciprocal measures will be taken,” the Iranian foreign minister warned.
Zarif underlined that Iran’s nuclear R&D will continue and none of Iran’s nuclear facilities will be shut down.
He repeated that all the US, EU and UN security council sanctions against will be removed.
He said over 5,000 centrifuge machines will work at Natanz to do industrial-scale enrichment for Iran, while around 1,000 more centrifuges will operate at Fordo, but not for industrial-scale uranium enrichment.
He appreciated the Iranian Supreme Leader for his support throughout the talks as well as the head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Akbar Salehi for his technical contribution to the negotiations.
Iran and G5+1 (the five permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany) started their new round of talks in Lausanne, Switzerland, last Thursday to narrow their differences over Tehran’s nuclear energy program ahead of a July 1 deadline.
Earlier on Thursday night, Zarif said while reading out a joint statement at a press conference with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini that “Our decision today will be the agreed base for the final text of the Joint the Plan of Action (the final deal) is of vital importance”.
“Now we can start drafting the final agreement and its annexations by relying on the solutions achieved in the last few days,” he said after eight days of marathon talks with negotiators from the six world powers.
“As Iran continues its peaceful nuclear program, the degree and capacity of its enrichment and the size of its (enriched uranium) stockpile will be limited for specific periods and Natanz will be the only enrichment center in Iran. Nuclear enrichment R&D on centrifuge machines in Iran will be conducted on the basis of an agreed timeline and level.”
Zarif said Fordo will turn from a nuclear enrichment plant to a nuclear, physics and technological center, where Iran will received international cooperation.
The Iranian foreign minister also said the country’s Arak Heavy Water Reactor will remain in place after being redesigned and renovated through international cooperation, stressing that the facility will remain a Heavy Water Reactor in nature, but will produce plutonium which won’t have the capability to be used for nuclear weapons production.
He said “there won’t be any reprocessing at the Arak facility and its consumed nuclear fuel will be exported”.
“A collection of arrangements have been agreed for the supervision over the implementation of the contents of the Joint Plan of Action (final deal) which include 3.1 Safeguard Agreement code and the voluntary implementation of the additional protocol (to the NPT); the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will also use modern inspection technologies and will be given more agreed access to verify past and present issues,” Zarif said.
He said Iran will partner in international nuclear projects, “including power plant and research reactor construction as well as nuclear safety and security”.
Zarif said all sanctions against Iran will be lifted.
All UN Security Council sanctions resolution against Iran will be annulled as they did not help the settlement of the nuclear standoff between Iran and the six world powers.
“The EU will terminate imposition of its nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions and the United States will also stop implementation of its nuclear-related financial and economic sanctions simultaneous with the implementation of Iran’s major nuclear undertakings in a way that they are verified by the IAEA,” Zarif said.
Zarif said the final deal will be endorsed by a UN Security Council sanctions in a move to annul all the previous nuclear-related resolutions against Iran.
He said drafting of the deal will start soon to prepare the Joint Plan of Action by the July 1 deadline.