Iranian robot increases speed, accuracy in endoscopic surgeries
Iranian researchers at Amirkabir University of Technology in cooperation with scientists at the US University of Maryland have designed and built a robot with higher speed and accuracy in endoscopic surgeries.
The project of endoscopic robot which was executed by researchers from University of Maryland and Sheikh Zayed Research Center in the US was first defined as a research project by Mojtaba Karimi, an MA student at Amirkabir University of Technology, currently in the stage of being internationally patented.
The robot participated in the fifth International competition of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (AUTcup 2015) and was awarded the first prize in medical robots league.
Mojtaba Karimi said the robot with 2 degrees of freedom is capable of wireless stereo imaging for laparoscopic surgeries.
“Conventional laparoscopic surgeries require 3 very small incisions through which the surgeon introduces a camera and some instruments into the abdomen; the endoscopic robot however requires only two incisions,” explained Karimi.
According to Karimi, the robot fixes endoscopy images and increases the speed and accuracy of surgical operations to prevent the surgeon’s distraction.
“Due to its having 2 degrees of freedom, the robot can move both horizontally and vertically, thus enabling the surgeon to easily adjust his/her viewing angle for performing surgeries on any desired part,” he added.
“The robot uses an internal battery which lasts for 36 minutes. In longer surgeries, we can wirelessly recharge the battery with an instrument 5 centimeters away from the robot,” he said.
According to Karimi, the laboratorial sample of the endoscopic robot has successfully passed all experimental stages and necessary measures are currently being taken to prepare the robot for use in operating rooms.