IranMiddle EastNorth AmericaQasem Suleimani

AEOI: New US Sanctions Motivating Iranian Scientists to Step up Efforts

The Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) slammed the new round of the US unilateral sanctions against the nuclear body and its head, Ali Akbar Salehi, reminding that such “unwise” moves will further encourage researchers to redouble their efforts to expand the peaceful science in the country.

In a Twitter post on Friday, the AEOI slammed the “unwise” move by US President Donald Trump to impose sanctions on Iran’s nuclear organization and its chief, which “will not in any way interrupt the peaceful nuclear activities and policies”.

“Such cruel sanctions will further enhance the nuclear scientist motives in neutralizing the hostile US policies,” it added.

The US Treasury Department announced new sanctions on Salehi on Thursday, adding his name to the SDN (Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons) List of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).

Washington left the historic accord, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), in 2018, defying its multi-party nature and the fact that it has been ratified in the form of a United Nations Security Council resolution.

Last May, Iran began a set of nuclear countermeasures in retaliation for the United States’ departure. The measures were also taken in return for the US’s restoration of its nuclear-related bans against Iran, and failure by Britain, France, and Germany — three European signatories to the deal — to retain their business interactions with Iran despite the sanctions.

As part of the retaliatory steps, Iran stopped recognizing the limits set by the deal on the level of its uranium enrichment activities and the volume of its heavy water reservoir.

On January 5, the country said it would no longer observe any operational limitations on its nuclear industry, whether concerning the capacity and level of uranium enrichment, the volume of stockpiled uranium or research and development.

The decision came two days after a set of US drone strikes assassinated senior Iranian commander and the most revered anti-terror military figure in the Middle East, Lieutenant General Qassem Soleimani, in Baghdad.

Last Wednesday, Special Assistant to the Chief of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Asqar Zare’an said that after the European signatories to the nuclear deal of 2015 failed to deliver on their commitments, Tehran undertook countermeasures which have further expedited its growth in the field of nuclear industry.

“Right now, if the [country’s] Establishment deems necessary, the Atomic Energy Organization [of Iran] will, in its capacity as the executor, have the capability to enrich uranium at whatever percentage of purity,” Zare’an said, while receiving some officials with Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) at the Fordow enrichment facility near the central city of Qom.

“Currently, the nuclear industry is one of the constituents of the Islamic country’s power and authority,” he added.

Zare’an detailed the most recent level of advancement attained by the country’s nuclear industry since the initiation of the countermeasures in order to refute erroneous data circulated by some media outlets.

After taking the fifth retaliatory step, the volume of the uranium produced by the country exceeded the 1,200-kilogram threshold, he said, adding, “The volume of the enriched uranium stockpile is being increased at full speed.”

After the conclusion of the nuclear deal, Iran reduced the number of its centrifuges to 6,104, he said. At Fordow, however, as many as 1,044 centrifuges are currently producing uranium, the official added, noting that the country was now producing 10 kilograms of uranium each day at under-five-percent purity level.

The country has indigenized all the components of nuclear fuel production cycle, nam

The country has indigenized all the components of nuclear fuel production cycle, namely exploration, processing, enrichment, designing, and manufacturing of various types of fuel production facilities, Zare’an noted.

He hoped that the march towards self-sufficiency in the nuclear industry would, in the near future, lead to indigenization of operations at the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant in Southern Iran and the heavy water production process.

The official underlined the importance of centrifuges to the fuel production process. He announced that the country was in the process of devising IR-9 generation centrifuges, whose output would stand at 50 SWUs (separative work units) — the standard measure of work required to separate uranium isotopes. The output of the IR-8 centrifuges, which the country currently has in service, reaches 24 SWUs.

“One of the reasons behind the [international] hegemonic system’s outrage [at the advancement of Iran’s nuclear energy industry] is … that it sets other strategic industries in motion,” Zare’an said.

He said the country was now injecting gas into its IR-4 and IR-2m generation centrifuges to have them produce uranium.

The official also touched upon underway work aimed at completion of the Bushehr facility’s phase 2 and 3, whose operationalization would enable production of more than 22 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity.

If connected to the national grid, the dual stages together with the part of the facility, which has already been operationalized, would prevent the release of 21 million tons of contaminants into the air across the country, he said.

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