Britain’s last ambassador to Tehran during the rule of the Pahlavi regime, Anthony Parsons, writes in his memoirs that the regime was based on two main bases, i.e. the army and SAVAC.
The acknowledgment of the ambassador of a country which had installed and backed the Pahlavi regime indicates that the people had no role in administering the affairs.
Just two months after the victory of the glorious Islamic revolution, 98 percent of the Iranian people voted yes to the Islamic republic system. This move was the first and most unprecedented form of popular presence for determining the system of government.
What distinguishes the Islamic revolution of Iran from the other great revolutions is the all-out presence of people in different scenes. If we cast a glance at other revolutions before 1979, we will see that the victory of these revolutions had been the result of participation of a specific group or stratum of the society, whereas in Iran people from all walks of life and every social class including farmers, workers, traders, employees, school and university students, teachers and professors rose in all parts of the country.
Thus in the history of the Iranian nation, unity had been shaped based on strong religious and anti-dictatorial feelings. These strong sentiments were the natural reaction of a downtrodden nation to issues like hegemony and influence of foreigners, looting of national resources and capitals, lack of freedom, discrimination and dependence.
The Iranian nation’s unsparing support for their leader Imam Khomeini and his lofty goals caused the revolution to triumph. The Imam of the Ummah attached a great significance to people and believed that the revolution belonged to the people. Both before the victory of the revolution and after that, Imam Khomeini would always stress the role and presence of people in the revolution. The Imam deemed the people as the real possessors of authority and invited all officials to serve people.
In a valuable statement Imam Khomeini said, “It was the nation that pushed the movement forward and from now on it should push it forward as well.”
As the Imam would always say people preserved the revolution in dangerous junctures and they played a great role in its survival. One of the evident examples of this statement was the spectacular presence of youths during the years of Sacred Defense against Saddam’s invasion on Iran.
The nascent Islamic revolution was taking vigor and yielding fruits when all of a sudden it faced the invasion of the Iraqi Saddam in 1980.
The revolution’s sworn enemies led by the US were united to exterminate the revolution through tricks. During the imposed war they extended an all-out support for Saddam regime with their advanced military weapons. The US role was more prominent than others. This came at the time when the Islamic Iran had the least military equipment. But the iron will of the Iranian people and their love of Islam, their unique leader and their homeland hindered the enemy from occupying even an inch of Iran’s territory. We remember the brave mothers who sent their children to the battle front to fight the enemy. Taking the model of Ashura and the martyrdom of Imam Hossein, mothers used to say, “May our children be sacrificed for Islam and Imam Hossein (AS).” It was the spiritual and material support of people which resulted in the victory of the Iranian nation and the defeat of the Saddam regime and its western masters.
After the end of the war the brave Iranian people started developing their homeland with the cooperation of government.
They spared no efforts in reconstructing the devastated cities and villages as well as houses and schools and they managed to revive their homeland.
The leader of the Islamic revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, regarding the spectacular role of the Iranian people in the Islamic revolution, said, “Continuation of people’s presence after the victory of the Islamic revolution was the result of the great Imam’s wisdom and prudence who had known and believed in the Iranian nation, its capability and determining will.”
The Iranian nation has always followed the guidelines of the late Imam and the present leader of the Islamic revolution to counter the plots and overcome the obstacles set by the enemies and ill-wishers.
Sanctions have always been one of the unmanly ways of the enemies of the Islamic revolution to bring the freedom-seeking nation to its knees.
The enemies embarked on boycotting Iran under various pretexts the last of which is its peaceful nuclear program. They are trying to weaken the people’s morale to separate them from the revolution and its lofty ideals, forgetting the fact the Iranian people have never alienated themselves from the revolution the Islamic Republic and they spare no effort to support it. Now that the pressures and sanctions have increased under the pretext of Iran’s “attempt to gain access to atomic weapons”, the Iranian people try to increase their information and gain access to scientific breakthroughs and new technologies to break up the sanctions to add to the dignity and honors of the Islamic revolution.
Now the scientific progresses of Iran are not hidden to anyone. These progresses have invigorated the Islamic revolution and, much to the chagrin of the Global Arrogance, made it more brilliant in the eyes of the world people. Now Iran has gained access to a high status in the fields of radio medicines, NANO technology and peaceful nuclear technology.
From the beginning of the victory of the Islamic revolution, the nationwide elections have been another arena for displaying the presence and insight of Iranian people.
In the Islamic Iran, the president, deputies of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis), representatives of the assembly of experts and members of the city councils are elected by the people and during its 34 years of its life the Islamic republic of Iran has experienced almost one election each year.
Figures show that percentage of participation of Iranian people in elections is more than other countries especially the US and European states who claim to be the advocates of democracy. With their participation in elections, the people execute their right for administering the country’s affairs and determining their fate. This is the right that they have gained by holding the religious popular rule.
In elections, especially the presidential election, the Iranian people make every effort to elect the best and the most competent person. Now, as we approach the time of the new presidential election, people think of electing the best qualified person for presidency. This feeling of responsibility for political issues indicates the growing vigilance of the Iranian people.
Now after the passage of over 3 decades of the glorious revolution of Iran, the hegemonic and unwise enemies of the Islamic revolution should have come to their senses and know that the Iranian nation becomes more determined and resolute when there are new threats and sanctions.