The Lebanese Republic is an Arab and Middle Eastern country on the eastern Mediterranean coast. Its capital is Beirut. The homeland of the Phoenician civilization in history is Lebanon and its coasts. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south. Its area is 10,452 km2 and its population is 4,224,000. The national and official language of Lebanon is Arabic.
The national and official language of Lebanon is Arabic. The majority of Lebanese can speak French and English in addition to their mother tongue Arabic. Because foreign language learning is compulsory from kindergarten in the country. Arabic as the mother tongue is used among all ethnic and religious groups in Lebanon. Although English is the foreign language mostly used in Lebanon, which was a former French colony, French is more widely known and spoken in the upper and middle classes. Lebanon is part of the Community of French-speaking countries (Francophone). Today, 20% of the population speaks French. English, which started to be spoken for the first time with the establishment of the American University of Beirut in 1866 and became widespread especially since the second half of the 20th century, is not used as a language of communication in daily life, but it has been a politically preferred foreign language to be learned by Muslims who were uncomfortable with the French influence in the country for many years. .