Imam Jafar Sadeq (AS): He Who Likes to Sit Down at the Brilliant Table of the Day of Judgment Should Visit Imam Hossein’s Holy Tomb
Hossein ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib was the son of Ali ibn Abi Ṭalib (the first Ahlul-Beit Imam) and Fatimah Zahra (daughter of the Islamic prophet Mohammad – Peace Be Upon Them All) and the younger brother of Hassan ibn Ali (the second Ahlul-Beit Imam).
Hossein is an important figure in Islam, as he is a member of the Ahl al-Bayt (the household of the prophet) and Ahl al-Kisa, as well as being the third Ahlul-Beit Imam. Hossein is highly regarded by Muslims because he refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid I, the Umayyad caliph because he considered the rules of the Umayyads unjust. As a consequence, he left Medina, his home town, and traveled to Mecca. There, the people of Kufa sent letters to him, asking his help and pledging their allegiance to him. So he traveled to Kufa. There, his caravan was intercepted by Yazid troops. He was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala in 680 (61 AH) by Shimr Ibn Thil-Jawshan, along with all the 72 male members of his family and companions, including his 6-month-old baby who was targeted by a triple-head arrow. The annual memorial for him, his family, his children and his As’haab (companions) is called Ashura (tenth day of Muharram) and is a day of mourning for Muslims.