Iran Unveils 4th Generation of Surena Humanoid Robot

Iran-made humanoid robot Surena entered a new chapter with its 4th generation version unveiled at the University of Tehran.

The fourth version of Surena, Iranian humanoid robot, was unveiled during a ceremony on Saturday in the faculty of engineering of the University of Tehran, with Vice President for Scientific and Technological Affairs Sorena Sattari in attendance.

The robot has taken four years to be developed. It stands 170 cm tall, weighs 70 kg, and is able to walk at the speed of 0.7 km/hr.

It can move around the sides, backward and on rough surfaces while remaining upright on uneven ground and is able to lift objects, recognize faces, shake hands, and also kick a soccer ball.

Surena also has the ability to detect 100 voice commands in addition to listening, speaking and converting text into speech; visual ability and the ability to recognize 100 different objects are other features of this robot.

The Iranian humanoid has been making steady progress in the past ten years. The first version of the robot was unveiled in 2008. It had only 8 degrees of freedom (DOF). Surena 2 was unveiled in 2010 and had 22 DOF and could walk at a pace of 0.03 meters per second. The third generation of the robot had 31 DOF and a walking speed nearly 10 times as fast, at 0.2 m/s.

The third version of Surena has been made with a fund of 20 billion rials (about $470,000 at the official rate of 42,000 rials) through four-year efforts of a team of 70 experts.

Surena was a Parthian spahbed (“general” or “commander”) during the 1st century BC. He was the leader of the House of Suren and was best known for defeating the Romans in the Battle of Carrhae.

In July, Two Iranian centers and a Russian body signed an agreement to start the joint production of Cenna surgeon robot in Russia.

According to the agreement sealed between Iran and Russia in Moscow, Cenna (named after renowned Iranian physician Avicenna) surgeon robot will be jointly manufactured in Russia.

The Head of the Center for Knowledge-Based Enterprises and Sattari made up the Iranian side of the agreement with the Head of the Russian Center for Research and Development.

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