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Ayatollah Fadlullah: Hezbollah’s Spiritual Leader

Dubbed by the media as the “Spiritual Leader” of the Islamic resistance “Hezbollah,” in Lebanon, Ayatollah Mohammed Hussein Fadlullah inspired the leaders for the resistance group, and served as a highly influential beacon of truth for all the oppressed peoples of the world.

From the pulpit of the Imam Rida mosque in the Bir al-Abd neighborhood (Beirut’s southern suburb), Sayyed Fadlullah’s sermons gave shape to the political currents among mainly the Muslim Shiite sect, from the latter half of the 1980s till the last days of his life.

The Israeli invasion of Lebanon in June 1982 was a watershed event for the Lebanese, mostly the Shiites living in the south, and the public career of Sayyed Fadlullah. The beginning of Hezbollah as an armed resistance movement dates back to that Israeli invasion.

“What martyrdom is greater than making yourself a human bomb detonating it among the enemy? What spiritualism is greater than this spiritualism in which a person loses all feeling of his body and life for the sake of his cause and mission?”

This quotation and many others fumed the flame of the resistance ideology.

He supported the ideals of Iran’s Islamic Revolution and advocated the corresponding Islamic movement in Lebanon. In his sermons, he called for armed resistance to the Israeli occupations of Lebanon, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip, along with opposition to the existence of Israel.

He once said that the slogan “land for peace” was a betrayal of Palestinian blood and of the sacred cause of Palestine.”

“Israel poses a great danger to our future generations and to the destiny of our modern nation, especially since it embraces a settlement-oriented and expansionist idea that it has already begun to apply in occupied Palestine and it is extending and expanding to build Greater Israel, from the Euphrates to the Nile,” Sayyed Fadlullah said in one of his lectures.

Sayyed Fadlullah often explains that Judaism, Christianity and Islam were all Divine religions, however he always differentiated between a Jew anywhere in the world and another Jews who comes to Palestine and take part in the occupation of this Arab land.

“All of Palestine is a war zone and every Jew who unlawfully occupies a house or land belonging to a Palestinian is a legitimate target. There are no innocent Jews in Palestine. They kill many of our women, children, and elderly people. They destroy our homes. They confiscate our water and freedom.”

In an interview with Al-Manar TV on March 21, 2008, Sayyed Fadlullah stated:

“The Hebrew state is preparing to celebrate its 60th anniversary – 60 years since it plundered Palestine – in a festival, which will be attended by the countries of the world, most of which still support the Zionist state and consider the resistance movement to be terrorism. This is what led German Chancellor Merkel to visit that plundering country, which extorted and continues to extort Germany, using as a pretext the German Hitlerist-Nazi past, and the placing of the Jews in a holocaust. Zionism has inflated the number of victims in this holocaust beyond imagination.”

There are also other kinds of resistance than the armed struggle. “Boycot” was the main weapon against the oppressors to press them economically. Sayyed Fadlullah played a major role in issuing a Fatwa to boycott Israeli as well as American goods.

“All American and Israeli goods and products should be boycotted in a way that undermines American and Israeli interests so as to act as deterrence to their war against Islam that is being waged under the pretext of fighting terrorism. This boycott should become an overwhelming trend that makes the US and Israel feel that their economies are in a real and present danger.”

His viewed the American administration as an “arrogant state that supports the Zionist entity.”

“I have not found in the whole long history of the Arab-Israeli conflict even one neutral American position. America now is following a policy worse than that of the British and French colonials,” he said.

Sayyed Fadlullah was a main supporter of Iran’s Islamic regime and its struggle against global hegemony. He once stated that Iran was standing alone with the Palestinian people and supporting their struggle.

To show support to Iran’s civilian nuclear program, he asked why the Bush Administration and his Western allies were mum on the possession of weapons of mass destruction by the Zionist regime. “Does the possession of nuclear weapons by the Zionist regime–a potential threat to the region–makes sense?” he asked.

In his latest meetings with Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah, Sayyed Fadlullah called for unity among the Lebanese to confront a psychological war with Israel, and stressed preparedness on all levels to prevent this enemy from making political gains.

The Grand Ayatollah also called for unity to ward off Israeli attempts to widen the gap among the Lebanese through accusations to the Hezbollah leadership and the party’s arms of being the reason behind a possible large-scale war on Lebanon.

“Ayatollah Mohammad Hussein Fadlullah”
This name will always be remembered as the most important Shiite cleric to emerge in Lebanon and gain reverberation in the world. His theological and political influence has been profound and considerable not to the Shiite sect, but to Muslims and Christians as a whole.

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