The Boer fighters during the Boer War (1899-1902) On May 13/1902, the war between the two parties ended by signing the treaty of Vereeniging. Under the terms of this agreement, the Britons promised to grant the Boers autonomy at some time in the future, allowed the formation of the Federal Republic of South Africa, and also agreed to grant the Boers an amount of three million pounds to help in the reconstruction.
These wars have led to increasing the extent of the tense conflicts between the whites and the blacks in South Africa. The English people were throughout the war working on inciting the local blacks against the Boers, what led the (Afrikaans) Boers to deprive the blacks of the right to vote, and since the blacks were the majority, the government formed by the Boers was a minority government, but nonetheless was able to continue to the end of the twentieth century.
The Boers established in the areas beyond the control of the Zulu tribes the (Natal) Republic, but the Britons who considered this coastal area a strategic one fought battles and wars with the Boers. This prompted the Boers to migrate towards the heart of South Africa, forming the (Transvaal) Republic and the (Free Orange) State. The Boers thought that by doing so they became safe from the British attacks on them, noting that those small countries that they have founded was composed at the beginning of 25,000 people, or 10,000 people, all of whom were white citizens.
After the (Afrikaans) discovered gold in Witt Waters Rand – an area which the Britons handed its governance over to the Boers immediately after the first war that they fought against them (1880-1881) – the second war between the two sides (1889-1902) was not possibly going to be avoided. The Britons wanted to have a share of the extracted gold, and they also felt threatened by the growing wealth of the Afrikaans thanks to their trade in gold; it was likely too to shake hands with the other ally, Germany, which was at odds with the UK at that time, and this was putting the English interests in all the southern Africa at risk. However, the new leadership of the English forces, led by Roberts and Kitchener, has been able to change the equation of the existing war, and was able to free the cities under siege.
As for the Boers, they were able to reap many of the goals and points in their favor through the manner which they followed; a guerrilla-style. This prompted Kitchener to adopt a scorched-earth policy, and thus this made the Boers as well as the local residents lose their havens, homes, and their food sources. Since then, the Englishmen established 50 camps for detention and forced labor, in which more than 26 thousand children and women have died.
On January 1901, the writer Emily Hoppeaws visited the Bloom Fontaine Camp, and expressed dismay at the squalid conditions that were experienced by about 2,000 prisoners being obliged to reside inside this camp. According to what Hoppeaws has written, the situation in other detention camps, as the Kimberley, the Nauru Zubont, and the Spring Fontaine camps were similar to that.
Boer’s children suffered from malnutrition in Bloom Fontaine-1902
The reason that led the Britons to establish these camps and to move forward in the scorched-earth policy is the fact that they were unable to endure in the face of the fighting styles pursued by the Boer militias. But all the songs and pictures taken for the British soldiers have planted in the minds of the world the idea of the English victories. As is the case in the present day, the picture of these great victories were able to influence the minds of the public opinion, and to convince them that great victories were achieved in that country by the English forces that have cut-off a distance so that to colonize it.
The Chemical bombardment of Iraq ordered by Churchill
82 years ago, the Britons tested chemical weapons in Iraq. According to a report published by Al-Hayat newspaper, the date of the use of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq goes back to the beginning of the twentieth century, (the American and British forces expressed their concern over Iraq’s use of such weapon, and based on these false fears they provided the introductions to occupy Iraq in 2003). During that time the English authorities were strongly defending the use of this type of weapon. In 1919, Brigadier Arthur Harris, known as a (warrior) said: “The Arabs and the Kurds now know what the real shelling means; we only need 45 minutes to be able to destroy a village and to kill or harm one third of its population”.
At that time, the command of the English forces in the Middle East, which did not hesitate to make any effort to suppress the opponents of the English occupation in the area, intended to test chemical weapons on the Arabs who strongly resisted the occupation at that time.
Winston Churchill, the Secretary of the English War and Aviation at that period of time, had declared his support for these weapons, by allowing using them against the Iraqi tribes. And then they used the deadly gases in 1920. Moreover, the British Air Force deliberately used these weapons in 1925 again to suppress the people of the Sulaymaniyah Iraqi city.
The Britons used to respond to all the tension they were facing within Iraq by the chemical attacks that were launched by the British army in the south, and by the aerial bombing raids launched by the British Royal Air Force in both the north and the south. A statement issued by the leadership of those forces stated: When the Iraqi tribes have risen to recover their rights; we were forced to send our dogs of war to ensure the return of security and reassurance to them!! In fact, what happened is: targeting the dirt and stone safe Iraqi villages by Britain, through bombing and throwing night missiles, heavy missiles, and the missiles that have delayed capsules (which are extremely dangerous to the lives of children particularly), all this took place when England was heading the United Nations.
Churchill: “I strongly support the use of poison gas to terrorize the non-civilized tribes”.
In the beginning, the British Royal Air Force was sent to Iraq to quell the uprising of the Arabs and Kurds, to preserve the discovered oil ammunition, to maintain the security of the Jewish settlers in Palestine, and to keep Iraq away from the Turkish domination.
Churchill was particularly insisting at that time on using the chemical weapons, and was always urging to test these weapons and to experience them against the Arabs who were creating tensions and crises against the British colonialism. He has announced it frankly when he said: “I strongly support the use of poison gas to terrorize the non-civilized tribes”, and this reflects his fear of those Arab revolutionaries, what forced him to use the poison gas to suppress them and to repress their voices.
In this context, the British attacks started on the Iraqi villages and rural, and Harris, the commander of the British aircraft squadron, said: “The Arabs and the Kurds now know what the real shelling means; we only need 45 minutes to be able to destroy a village and to kill or harm one third of its population, and all this by using 4 or 5 mechanisms, and in this way those people will have nothing left to do, and even will not be able to escape and/or to flee”.
One of the methods adopted by the Britons at that time in the face of the Iraqis: overflowing the tribal members with a barrage of fire and besieging them by the shelling and missiles to prevent their escape from the chemical pollution, and this method led to the death of thousands of Iraqis.
Practicing genocide against 600 thousand Germans, ordered by Churchill!!
During the military strategic campaign on the German city of Dresden, and in the final days of World War II, the Air Force of Britain and the United States carried out more than 1300 air raids, through which they threw over 3900 shells and flammable materials, and have burnt about 600 thousand people while they were still alive.
Both England and France declared war on German Reich on September 3/1939, and only after two days on the declaration of war, England bombed the German populated civilian cities. On January 12/1940, the first bombs took place on the cities Cux Haven and Wilhelm Shaven. On January 12, 1940, they bombed the Westerland city, and two weeks later, specifically on January 25, the High Command of the German Army announced that it is preventing the attacks on the British cities and ports, but the Rosyth port was kept an exception.
On March 20, 110 explosive incendiary bombs were launched in the skies of the cities of Kiel and Hörnum, and in this vicious attack, one of the hospitals was fully destroyed. On April 1940, the British forces launched several rocket attacks on the cities where no fighters or preparations were found, and were not even having any significance at the military level.
On May 11, 1940, and specifically one day after being appointed as the prime minister and minister of war, Winston Churchill took a decision to direct orders for the British Air Force to expand the air strikes waged on the German cities, and to target the Germans even if they were not militants. This decision and these commands were issued without informing or consulting the people of England.
The victims of the bombing on the city of Dresden, the losses and the way how the victims were killed, all this is wider and more than being just ordinary military bombardments.
Churchill: “Kill them all”
The aim sought to by the Allied forces was to eliminate the German people by the worst possible way. On February 13/1990, and 45 years after the destruction of the city of Dresden, the British historian David Irving lectured in the Palace of Culture that belongs to that city. During his lecture, Irving pointed to Churchill’s famous saying, he said: (I do not want to hear your suggestions and your views on how to achieve the important objectives related to the city of Dresden, but I want to know your views on how to eliminate 600 thousand refugees coming from Breslau to Dresden).
The elimination of such an enormous number of Germans was not enough for Churchill, so he instructed to his troops on the morning of the day after the bombing of the city to move the aircraft carrying machine guns and light weapons for the purpose of filling all the ports on the Elbe River in the face of the wounded people who survived in the shelling accumulated against their city.
Scenes from the city of Dresden after the bombing
The policy adopted by Churchill in the war on Germany was clearly showing his overwhelming desire to exterminate the German people as a whole, through his insistence on destroying every German House in every German city. Churchill announced his desire, saying: (If we were to win this war, I hope to be able to destroy every house in every corner of Germany).
Churchill’s genocidal trend has continued after the war as well, where his troops in March 1945 bombed the German cities for the purpose of terrorizing and frightening the German people. Although these attacks were criticized several times before, accusing them of lacking sagacity and rationality, but these attacks have continued and were sustained.
Torture and testing toxic gases on Indian soldiers
The British Guardian newspaper reported, citing from documents from the National Archives, that the British army experts have conducted tests using poisonous mustard gas on hundreds of Indian soldiers during the trials that lasted more than a decade, and began before the Second World War.
The current studies demonstrated that the inhalation of the mustard gas causes cancer along with other diseases. These experiences have burnt a large number of Indian soldiers, and the injuries of some of them were serious, and their reproductive systems were affected, and many of them were taken to the hospitals due to the severity of the inflicted combustion.
During the period when India was under the control of the British colonialism, the Indian soldiers were serving under the command of the English army.
These tests carried out by the British troops on the Indian soldiers were only a part of a larger and broader program adopted by Porton’s Center of the British Ministry of Defense, and was designed to test the effect of the chemical weapons on humans.
The report stated that more than 20 thousand British soldiers were subjected to chemical warfare experiments during the period from 1916 until 1989 in the Porton Down research center, and those experiences included a number of toxic gases as the nerve gas, and the mustard gas. Those tests aimed at determining the amount of the gas needed to cause serious damages to the enemy in the battlefield.
It is worth mentioning that the Porton Down center, which was founded in 1916, is considered the oldest research center on chemical weapons, and in the forties and fifties this center produced many chemical weapons, including the anthrax bombs.
London and the secret cage; the secret torture centers in England
The period between June 1940 and September 1948 witnessed the establishment of three large buildings in the heart of the capital London, and these three buildings were the headquarter of one of the most English military secret institutions, which is the Department of detailed interrogation to prisoners of war in London, and which was known as (London’s cage).
London’s cage or (MI-19) is one of the centers of warfare which was administered for the purpose of collecting information on the enemy’s prisoners of war. Beyond the scope of this center, only a few people were informed about what was going on therein, but those were also trapped in the middle of the barbed wire that separates those three buildings from the busy streets of London and its Western gardens.
The Kensington buildings in London’s Hyde Park
Years after, the English psychologist, Tony Whitehead, wrote in his memoirs: While he was still a young soldier, he went one day to the cage to submit one of the defendants, he saw there an officer of the German troops wearing his military uniform and working on cleaning the floor up while sitting on it with both his hands and feet. Whitehead was annoyed when he saw this. Then he saw a giant body guard standing next to the officer, putting one foot on his back and smoking a cigarette. Whitehead states that when he returned again to the cage to receive the prisoner, and this was after three days, he found that same officer, but he appeared to be wilting, unsteady, and was barely able to lift his head. Hence, Whitehead called him the victim, and said: I do not really know what kind of terrorize was being practiced in London’s cage against this man.
The Guardian newspaper, after studying and analyzing thousands of documents obtained from the National Archives, as well as from the archives of the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva, was able to find a pack of secrets hidden that were associated with issues as of the way by which they were dealing with many prisoners, captives, and detainees.
One of the outcomes of this study was that the London Cage was one of the centers of torture inside which a large number of German officers and soldiers were facing abuse, assault and torture in an orderly and purposeful way. The study indicates that a total of 3573 people were arrested in this cage, and more than 1,000 of them were persuaded to report their military intelligence crimes.
This brutality was not limited to dealing with the prisoners and detainees in the beginning of the war only, but even a number of the civilian and non-military Germans until the year 1948 joined these detainees, and had been arrested and interrogated as well.