Upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the unrecognized Republic of Artsakh with a majority Armenian population became Azeri territory.
It is easy to lose sight of simple truths, with outside forces fanning the flames of ethnic and religious differences, which may explain why a small country such as Armenia would even consider taking on Azarbaijan, a country twice its size and population.
No matter who is right and who is wrong neither side has won the war. Iran is calling for resolving the crisis by negotiation, while Turkey is backing one side against the other.
Hostilities over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, which includes the self proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, has been ongoing since 1991. The region was occupied by Armenia after the dissolution of the USSR the Soviet Union. The UN Security Council has issued four resolutions calling for returning the lands to the Republic of Azerbaijan, all in vain.