The ceremony to officially launch the first Iran-owned underwater optical fiber project was held on Tuesday in the presence of high-ranking Iranian officials.
“The marine fiber project of Pishgaman Cooperatives Group was implemented as the first national project (in this field) in free waters through $50mln of domestic funding,” Yazd province’s Governor-General Mohammad Reza Fallahzadeh said, addressing the ceremony to inaugurate the project.
Pishgaman group, with its headquarters in Iran’s Central Yazd province, is a well-known and pioneering company in data transfer and network information.
During the ceremony, the 400-kilometer-long Iran-Oman underwater optical fiber cable was unveiled and the fiber project was launched officially.
An optical fiber is a flexible, transparent fiber made of glass (silica) or plastic, slightly thicker than a human hair. It functions as a waveguide, or “light pipe”, to transmit light between the two ends of the fiber. The field of applied science and engineering concerned with the design and application of optical fibers is known as fiber optics.
Optical fibers are widely used in fiber-optic communications, which permits transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than other forms of communication.
Fibers are used instead of metal wires because signals travel along them with less loss and are also immune to electromagnetic interference. Fibers are also used for illumination, and are wrapped in bundles so that they may be used to carry images, thus allowing viewing in confined spaces. Specially-designed fibers are used for a variety of other applications, including sensors and fiber lasers.