Syria

Syrian Cabinet Approves Political Program To Solve Crisis in Syria

20130109-174522_h461062During a meeting on Wednesday chaired by Prime Minister, Dr. Wael al-Halqi, the cabinet approved the government’s statement to implement the political program to solve the crisis in Syria which states:

”Based on President Bashar al-Assad’s tasking the government with laying the mechanisms to implement the political program to solve the crisis in Syria, the Cabinet approved, in its January 8 and 9 sessions, the political program to solve the crisis in Syria which outlines the missions that the Syrian government is working to accomplish until adopting the national pact by the people after endorsing it in the national dialogue conference, in a way that ensures political pluralism and the basic principles related to Syria’s sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity and unity of its people, rejecting foreign interference and renouncing all forms of violence.”

The Cabinet decided to set up a ministerial work team headed by the Premier to carry out the government’s obligations regarding the political program, whose members are Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, and ministers of Transport, Information, Industry, Justice and the State Minister for National Reconciliation Affairs, Minister of State for the Red Crescent Affairs and the State Minister for People’s Assembly affairs.

The Cabinet urged countries and regional and international sides which maintain relations with the armed groups to stop funding, arming and hosting them, demanding that they call these groups to commit to an immediate halt to violence to stop bloodshed and preserve the unity, sovereignty and independence of the homeland, as to facilitate the return of the Syrians who left their homes due to the events.

The Cabinet said that as soon as the armed groups and their supporters commit to a halt to violence and a stop to military supplies, the combat operations will stop in Syria, with the army and armed forces reserving the right to self-defense and defending citizens and private and public property.

It also called upon the international community, with all its bodies and organizations, to back a political solution to the crisis in Syria and exert efforts to combat terrorism, and to commit to the implementation of the relevant UN resolutions, including a ban on exporting arms to the terrorist groups and refraining from backing them financially, politically and through media.

The Cabinet decided to task the Foreign and Expatriates’ Ministry with making regional and international contacts to further illustrate the initiative and hold consultations on the mechanisms of monitoring the aforementioned points, especially that the program is based on the principles and goals of the UN Charter, the international law, and Geneva statement.

The Cabinet charged the competent state committees to hold intensive meetings to speed up the implementation of the emergency plans to deal with the aftermath of events, mainly repairing the damage caused by vandalism acts and rehabilitating the infrastructure of the energy, water and others sectors.

It also charged the Higher Committee for Relief to offer humanitarian aid and facilitate its access to those in need, in cooperation with the civil society organizations and the international organizations concerned inside and outside Syria, as well as commissioning the State Ministry for National Reconciliation affairs to back national initiatives that were launched in some provinces.

The Cabinet commissioned the Justice Ministry to coordinate with the bodies concerned to accelerate the reference to judiciary procedures and arbitrating pending cases and releasing all those who were not proven guilty.

It called the national opposition inside Syria and abroad and all parties, leaderships, political currents and elements of the Syrian society to get engaged in open discussions with the aim to lay the groundwork for the forthcoming national dialogue conference.

The Cabinet called for preparing all it takes to hold the national dialogue conference for laying down the national pact which outlines the constitutional and judicial system and the political and economic features of the state.

The Cabinet added “the government will hold parliamentary elections, based on the new elections law, followed by the formation of a new movement, convening a conference for national reconciliation and issuing a general amnesty on the crimes committed during the events with reserving the civil rights for their persons.”

The cabinet concluded its statement by calling on the Syrian people to support this program and contribute to carrying it out to save the nation and preserve its resources.

It clarified that the Political program is based on the UN principles and convention, the international law and the UN relevant resolutions as well as Geneva statement issued on June 30th, 2012 which asserts keeping the states’ sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity.

The Cabinet went on to say that the political program to resolve the crisis in Syria will be as follows:

First:

1-All states, international and regional sides will adhere to stop financing, arming or sheltering the armed groups.

2-All armed groups commit to an immediate halt to all forms of violence.

3-The army and armed forces commit to halting the military operations, save in cases of self-defense, protecting the citizens.

4-Finding a mechanism to verify that all sides stop violence.

5-Facilitaitng the reach of humanitarian aids to the needed.

6-Starting acts of rehabilitation to the infrastructure and paying compensations for the affected people.

7-Offering necessary guarantees to the Syrian citizens who left because of the events to return through the border crossing points.

8-Offering guarantees to all Syrian opposition abroad to enter the country, reside or departure without interfering with them in order to let them participate in the national dialogue.

Second: the transitional period which follows the preparatory period, as the following:

1-The government sends invitations to hold a national comprehensive dialogue conference to formulate a national pact which depends on:

A-adhering to Syria sovereignty and territorial integrity.

B-Rejecting all forms of foreign intervention in the Syrian affairs.

C-Dismissing all forms of violence and terrorism.

D-Drawing the political future for a democratic Syria and making an agreement on the constitutional, judicial system as well as the political and economic features based on political pluralism and the sovereignty of law.

2- Proposing the national pact for the referendum to be approved.

3- Forming an expanded government with wide executive capacity which brings together the Syrian society spectrums. This government will be charged with forming the constituent assembly to formulate a new constitution.

4-When the Constituent Assembly ends its work, referendum on the draft constitution will be run to be later approved by the people’s Assembly.

5- After approving the constitution, the expanded government will adopt the laws agreed upon in the dialogue conference.

6-Holding the parliamentary elections according to the new elections’ law.

Third: the third period:

1-The new government will be formed according to the new constitution.

2-The National reconciliation conference is held.

3-General Amnesty on the crimes committed during the events with reserving the civil rights for their persons to be issued.

4- Completing and accelerating acts of rehabilitation to the infrastructure and paying compensations for the affected people.

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